美国《华尔街日报》(Wall Street Journal) 最近还整理了今年毕业季高校名人演讲的金句集锦。其中脱口秀女王奥普拉、苹果公司CEO库克等人都是毕业演讲的常客，视频中满满都是青春的正能量，堪称英语演讲学习的范本~
“这要求我们不要把谎言描述成真相，把真相说成谎言。”(That requires us not to describe lies as truth and truth as lies.)
German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Harvard graduates on May 30 to "tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness" in a speech that was an apparent rebuke of US President Donald Trump's policies and worldview.
In her commencement address at the university, Merkel warned against the perils of isolationism and nationalism, pushed for action on climate change and said to never "describe lies as truth and truth as lies."
The Chancellor spoke in German and used a translator, but notably switched to English to close out her speech and said, "Tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness, for nothing has to stay as it is."
Among the most notable commencement speeches of the graduation season so far was one by Robert F. Smith at Morehouse College. The billionaire investor promised the graduates that he’d pay off the entire class of 2019’s student loans — a pledge that drew looks of shock and several cheers from the crowd.
On behalf of the eight generations of my family who have been in this country, we’re going to put a little fuel in your bus … This is my class, 2019. And my family is making a grant to eliminate their student loans.
As Sir Edward Elgar’s “Pomp and Circumstance” blared throughout College Walk, graduates from across the schools of Columbia University gathered for the culminating ceremony of Commencement week. University President Lee Bollinger addressed an increasing imperative for truth in a world which prosecutes those who seek it.
Bollinger spoke about the threats of blatant disregard for “the search of truth,” and he encouraged graduates to raise their voices and reflect on what’s at stake in our own country and in our world.
Some years ago, one of the people I admire and respect most, our Manhattanville architect, Renzo Piano, had just turned 70, and I asked him what it felt like. He said that, as much as he had thought about and prepared for that moment, it still came to him as a shock. (Now, I can attest to that feeling of shock.) But, more than anything, he said, it made him feel that our proper life-span should be 210 years: 70 to learn, 70 to do, and 70 to teach the next generation.
The best speakers are knowingly wry and a bit self-deprecating. Here’s Michael Bloomberg, opening his 2014 Harvard Commencement address, with a typical opening:
I’m excited to be here, not only to address the distinguished graduates and alumni at Harvard University’s 363rd commencement but to stand in the exact spot where Oprah stood last year. OMG.
Keep the diversity of your audience in mind. You are speaking to students, but the students are not all the same. There are honor students—summa, magna, and cum laude–as well as those who are still sweating out a few grades. You are also speaking to families and to the university faculty. Shakespeare had that same problem—needing to address those in the Lord’s room, the galleries, and the ground pit. He solved it by repeating himself, expressing ideas in both the Latinate phrases and in plain Anglo-Saxon, as when he combined unfamiliar words like incarnadine with familiar ones like red.
I thought that you had to be a famous alumnus – alumini – aluminum – alumis – you had to graduate from this school.
As you develop your theme, try to have a memorable, quotable line for each segment of your audience—the grads, the families, and the faculty. And remember that your audience can’t rewind your speech or mark it with a yellow highlighter, so be sure to illustrate your easily-recognizable theme with smaller, easily-digestable examples.
Journalist Sharyn Alfonsi did it in her commencement address to the journalism school at Ole Miss in 2013, as she talked about work and perseverance, and illustrated those values through her own career’s challenges, including job applications, tough days, and bad bosses. Choose examples that everyone can relate to and can talk about over lunch.
Be careful when using clichés in your speech. Tempting as it may be to tell the graduates that they are about to enter the “Real World” (where you have thrived), you should avoid that. Savvy students will see you as out of touch, since many of them have been working all along and are often managing any number of real life issues.
You may want to avoid talking about the value of their education as well. They know the value. That’s why they went to college. (It’s the cost they are worried about.)
Unless you are using the speech to announce a major policy, you won’t need more than 20 minutes, tops. Twelve minutes would be even better. The average speaker reads about 120 words a minute, so that’s about 1,400-2,400 words or 9-15 pages (double spaced, 16 point font). Sitting in the sun, the students, families, and faculty will all appreciate brevity.
综合来源：Time, CNN, Wall Street Journal, Oxford University Press blog, 哥伦比亚大学官网，观察者网，参考消息